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What Are the Impacts and Role of Phenomenological Study In Qualitative Research?

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Phenomenological Study

Phenomenology is a qualitative research approach that uses the participant’s view to describe their experience. Phenomenology focuses on people’s inner feelings, thoughts, and sensations as opposed to external objects in the environment. The main idea behind this is that understanding how people see things rather than what they look can help us better understand their behaviour. In this article, we will explore the role and impacts of phenomenological study in qualitative research by looking at what it is, how it can be used, and some of its limitations.

What is a Phenomenological Study?

A phenomenological study is a research method that allows you to explore the subjective experience of people in a particular context. It’s especially useful to understand how people perceive phenomena such as emotions and feelings, both internal and external factors that might impact their behaviour.

A phenomenology is an approach to understanding things by focusing on their essential characteristics and qualities—what they are rather than what they do or how they work. This means that the focus of a phenomenological research study isn’t necessarily on data collection or testing hypotheses; it’s more about generating ideas about how human beings interact with the world around them, often using qualitative methods like interviews or observations.

There are similarities and differences between phenomenology research methods, such as case studies (in which researchers collect detailed information about one specific topic) and ethnographies (in which researchers examine entire populations).

Why Do We Need Phenomenology?

Phenomenology is the study of experience. It aims to describe an individual’s unique perspective, which is different from objective reality. In other words, phenomenology helps us understand the meaning of our experiences.

Phenomenologists use different methods to describe people’s experiences. They take into account all aspects of a person’s lived experience that are relevant for understanding how he or she feels about the world around him or her and what it means to have this type of experience in that world. Phenomenologists try to understand how people make sense of their lives; they focus on studying phenomena such as emotions, values, and beliefs rather than on analyzing individuals’ thoughts.

Use/Applications of Phenomenology

  • Researchers use phenomenological research to understand and describe the meaning of an experience. This approach allows a researcher to describe an experience as it is perceived by a participant. It also helps researchers explain the meaning of a phenomenon to participants, as well as provide holistic views of phenomena and how people make sense of their experiences.
  • Phenomenology provides rich insights into human experience through three main functions: description, explanation (or interpretation), and understanding.
  • Phenomenology seeks to describe the essence of phenomena such as human behaviour, language use, or cultural practices in terms that are meaningful for those who participate in such activities.

What is the Role of Phenomenological Study in Qualitative Research?

The phenomenological study is an important part of qualitative research. It helps to understand the meaning and experience of the participants, which in turn helps you to understand the phenomenon under investigation.

In simpler terms, it is used to understand what it means to be a participant in that particular situation and how they perceive things differently from other people involved in that same situation. Qualitative researchers use this tool to ensure their data is rich and meaningful for analysis purposes.

Phenomenology and Its Impact on Qualitative Research

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement that attempts to uncover the essence of phenomena by studying them as they appear to consciousness. It involves describing the structures of experience and interpreting those structures. Phenomenology can be used to study all types of cognitive, emotional, and perceptual experiences (including introspection).

The researcher plays an important role in conducting phenomenological studies for PhD dissertations. This includes setting up interviews with participants; transcribing these interviews; analyzing them using phenomenological methods such as bracketing, eidetic reduction, and intuition; writing up findings in a manner that resonates with other researchers; and disseminating findings through publications or presentations at academic conferences.

Limitations of Phenomenological Study:

The limitations of the phenomenological study are based on the fact that it is a qualitative research method. This means that it has some limitations that are caused by its nature. Among these restrictions, we can find:

  • The researcher’s own bias. In this case, the researcher uses his/her own experiences and perceptions to interpret the phenomenon under study. This means that the researcher may not be able to see beyond his/her own perspective.
  • The researcher’s limited access to primary data sources. Phenomenological researchers do not always get direct access to their participants’ thoughts and feelings. They can only infer them from external clues such as body language, speech patterns, and other nonverbal cues.
  • Phenomenological researchers are not allowed to ask questions directly because they want their participants to express their thoughts freely without any interference from others or from themselves as researchers.

How to Increase the Reliability of Phenomenological Study in Qualitative Research?

The researcher should have a clear understanding of the phenomenon being studied. This means that he/she must be able to identify the core themes within that phenomenon and have a clear understanding of its meaning. The researcher should also be aware of any other studies that have been conducted on this same subject matter in order to avoid duplicating work already done by others.

The research design should be appropriate for collecting data from participants. For example, if you are conducting an online survey, then it would be best to use questionnaires with multiple choice questions or short answer questions rather than open-ended interviews or free response items.

Conclusion

The primary purpose of phenomenology is to describe the meaning and understanding of the experience from the particular participant’s point of view. It also involves a detailed description of feelings, thoughts, and experiences we have in daily life. It provides us with an insight into our inner world as well as others’ perspectives through careful observations.

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