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What is buffer?



What is buffer?

A buffer is a solution that can resist dramatic changes in pH. It is typically composed of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or a weak base and its salt.

In biological systems, a buffer helps maintain a relatively stable pH environment for important biochemical processes. Buffers are also used in chemical analysis, especially with strong acids and bases.


A buffer is an area of a computer’s memory that is used to hold data that will be transferred to another location. It speeds up data transfers and prevents lag.

Buffering is a common technique for streaming audio and video over the Internet, where packets can traverse numerous routers before reaching their destination. Having an advanced supply of data in RAM at all times ensures that audio and video won’t stall or skip when there is network congestion.

The word “buffer” comes from the chemical term “buffer solution.” It is a weak acid and its conjugate base in which the pH is maintained at an effective range. It can resist changes in the pH that occurs when a small amount of additional acid or base is added.

Biological buffers are important for many processes in living organisms. Their ability to maintain a constant pH is crucial for most biochemical reactions to proceed properly. This is because many of these reactions are highly sensitive to the acidity of the medium in which they take place.


A buffer is a substance that resists dramatic changes in pH when small amounts of acids or bases are added to it. This is important because many organisms and their cells work in very strict pH ranges.

For example, your blood and some of your body systems need a particular hydrogen ion concentration in order to be effective. Changes in pH that are too big can cause serious damage to an organism or its cells.

In some cases, a buffer solution is formed by the combination of a weak acid and its salt with a strong base. Examples are dissolved acetic acid (HC2H3O2) and sodium acetate (NaC2H3O2) or ammonia (NH3) and ammonium chloride (NH4Cl).

The added hydroxide ions interact with the new hydrogen ions to form more water, so the pH does not dramatically change. In addition, this reaction will remove some of the acidic hydrogen ions to neutralize it. Basically, it’s like a cellular cotton ball that soaks up the added acid or base and prevents it from doing any harm to your organism.


Buffer solutions are used in a variety of chemical and biological processes that require a relatively stable pH. They can resist small changes in pH by neutralizing acids or bases that are added to the solution.

A buffer solution is a liquid solution made from a weak acid and its conjugate base, or a strong base and its acid. These compounds are usually combined in a specific ratio to produce a buffer.

The capacity of a buffer is the amount of acid or base that a solution can take before significant pH changes occur. This capacity differs in accordance with the core components of the buffer, as well as the amount of strong acid or base added.

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Buffer is used in a variety of chemistry applications to maintain the pH balance within a solution. It is particularly useful in chemical manufacturing and biochemical processes that require a pH of nearly constant value.

The pH of a buffer solution changes very little when a small amount of acid or base is added to it. This is achieved by creating an equilibrium between the weak acid or base and its conjugate base.

This is an important property because it gives the buffer resistance to pH changes. Even when a strong acid or base is added to the solution, it will have a tough time changing its pH because of the conjugate.