Little vessels in the human body that carry blood and oxygen with it to all parts are called arteries. These arteries are interconnected forming a perfect network inside the human body. Arteries also go to your brain while they are also in the tips of your toes. Smooth inner walls that allow for unsalted blood flow is what arteries should have in a healthy human body. Clogged arteries occur when these arteries become less smooth and even develop clots of any kind.
Substances can build up inside arteries causing them to get clogged. With arterial plaque, reduced blood flow and also in some instances total blockage of blood can be an unwanted result. A stroke or heart attack becomes much likely in the case of clogged arteries as the blood flow gets disrupted. Artery plaque is no joke.
70% of New Yorkers are estimated to have some type of arterial plaque some time in their life. It’s important to visit a quality health clinic in the Bronx or any other part of NYC if you have it.
What Causes Arterial Plaque?
Various substances circulating in the blood can form plaque that accumulates on the inner arterial walls. These include fats, cholesterol, calcium, cellular waste and fibrin (this is a material involved in blood clotting). The natural response of the human body to this plaque build-up is to multiply cells in the artery walls and secrete additional substances. This can make clogged arteries even worse.
A condition known as atherosclerosis arises with the growth of plaque deposits. Arteries tend to narrow and harden with this condition. Experts believe this process stems from the lining of arterial walls getting damaged (although this is not confirmed). Following conditions can cause this damage that enables plaque deposits:
- High Blood Pressure – Constant high blood pressure aids arterial plaque build-up while it also accelerates clogged arteries to harden up.
- High and Low Cholesterol – High “bad” cholesterol and low “good” cholesterol are both major contributors to arterial plaque formation.
- Smoking Cigarettes – The rate of atherosclerosis increases with cigarette smoke in arteries of the heart, legs and the aorta. This is also the largest artery in the human body.
- Elevated Blood Sugar or Diabetes – Elevated levels of blood sugar also are known to cause arterial plaque. People passing their 30s should get their sugar levels checked up regularly at a quality health clinic in the Bronx or wherever they might be living.
- Some other risk factors for arterial plaque build-up include obesity, sedentary lifestyle, stress and family history of clogged arteries.
Your cardiologist in the Bronx, NYC should be able to tell when you need treatment before experiencing an attack.
Dangers of Clogged Arteries or Arterial Plaque
There are many dangers associated with arterial plaque. Depending on where it accumulates, different dangers can arise. Clogged arteries can lead to many different medical conditions when in different parts of the body, including:
- Coronary Artery Disease – This is a term given to the condition that arises from plaque accumulating in arteries carrying blood to the heart. It is also called heart disease. Chest pain or shortness of breath can be results of coronary artery disease. This is the leading cause of death in the US and can lead to heart attacks of different intensities. Your cardiologist in the Bronx or any other part of the country should be able to diagnose and treat properly.
- Carotid Artery Disease – Responsible for supplying oxygen to the brain, carotid arteries run up either side of your neck. Stroke can be the lead up to arterial plaque accumulating in carotid arteries.
- Peripheral Artery Disease – When you get clogged arteries in the system carrying blood to your legs, oxygen getting delivered can be reduced. Pains in the legs, numbness or serious infection in legs and feet can be the result.
Be sure to get checked up at a quality health clinic in the Bronx or your part of the world if you have any of these.
Symptoms of Clogged Arteries
Like many complex medical conditions, clogged arteries are often symptomless until the happening of a major event. This can include a heart attack or a stroke. Although, some people might also experience some symptoms that might warn them:
- Pain in the chest without a heart attack
- Undue shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Dizziness or weakness without much physical exertion
- Too often nausea and sweating
Usually, the first symptom anyone might feel is chest pain. This is also called angina and can result from reduced blood flow to the heart, which in turn is caused by clogged arteries. Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) that are caused by clogged arteries in the carotid artery will cause the following symptoms:
- A sensation of numbness or weakness on one side of the body
- An arm or a leg freeze with the inability to move it
- Loss of vision in any one of the eyes only
- Loss of control on your speech ability and slurring of words
Leg pain, cold feet, delayed healing of injuries on the feet and gangrene are symptoms of clogged arteries in peripheral artery disease.
What Are the Tests for Clogged Arteries?
There are several tests that might be suggested by your cardiologist in the Bronx or any other part of the USA for clogged arteries. Your doctor will examine you and determine which test will suit best based on symptoms and any medical history. Some of these tests may include:
- CT scan
- Chest X-ray
- Cholesterol screening
- Echocardiogram or cardiac stress test
- MRI or PET scanning
Some Possible Treatments for Clogged Arteries
Depending on your particular condition and severity, different treatments can be provided. Changes in lifestyle that may include quitting smoking, maintaining healthy body weight, low saturated fat diet, low cholesterol diet, low sugar diet, fruit, and vegetable-rich diet, regular exercising, managing stress levels, and sugar levels.
Other surgical or interventional procedures may include options like stent placement, bypass surgery or balloon angioplasty. In some cases, certain medications might also provide the required relief from clogged arteries or arterial plaque. This is not something you should ignore. Be sure to visit a quality health clinic in the Bronx to get checked up. Your cardiologist in the Bronx will treat and advise the best procedures.
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