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How many types of Arthritis?




What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a condition that affects many people worldwide and is in fact one of the most common chronic conditions in the United States. Arthritis is a collective term for a variety of conditions that affect the health of the joints and muscles. Though most people think of arthritis as a single condition, there are actually over 100 different types of the condition that are subdivided into three main categories: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and other specialized forms of arthritis.

Types of arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is an autoimmune disorder caused by the immune system incorrectly attacking the joints and tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause swelling, tenderness, and stiffness in the joints, as well as fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite. This form of arthritis is most commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 40.

Osteoarthritis is the second most common type of arthritis and is primarily caused by old age. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage surrounding the joint deteriorates and wears away, leading to joint pain and stiffness. This form of arthritis usually develops in people over the age of 50, but it can also occur in younger people who engage in activities that take a toll on their joints.

Finally, there are a variety of other specialized forms of arthritis that are much less common. These include gout, an extremely painful form of arthritis caused by uric acid crystals in the joints; lupus, an autoimmune disorder causing inflammation of the skin, joints, and organs; and psoriatic arthritis, which usually occurs in patients who have psoriasis.

Though arthritis is a debilitating condition, it does not always have to be a death sentence. There are many treatments available to reduce the pain, stiffness, and other symptoms associated with arthritis. Pain medications and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to reduce discomfort, while physical therapy can be used to improve joint strength. In more advanced cases, surgery is sometimes necessary in order to correct any damage that is done to the joints or tissues.

Treatments of Arthritis

Arthritis is a group of chronic diseases that are characterized by inflammation, pain, and stiffness in the joints. Treatment for this debilitating condition has evolved substantially over the years, with advancements in technology and medications allowing for more targeted therapies. Currently, medical treatments aimed at preventing further joint damage include anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics to control pain, intraarticular corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation, exercise therapy to build up muscle strength and relieve stress on affected joints, physical modalities such as heat or cold application or ultrasound and electric stimulation treatments; biological strategies such as supplementing with vitamins; surgical intervention when needed; and psychological techniques. While there is no cure for arthritis yet, managing symptoms can lead to improved quality of life for those suffering from it.


No matter what type of arthritis a person has, it is important for them to work closely with their doctor in order to determine the best course of treatment for their condition. With the right care and support, anyone can live a healthy, active life despite their arthritis.

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