Vitamin D deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency that occurs in infants and young children. Many parents know that lack of vitamin D in young children can lead to abnormal metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body, and rickets caused by bone growth disorders. It can also cause sputum convulsions in infants due to decreased calcium ion concentration in the blood and increased neuromuscular excitability. Since the lack of vitamin D will have such a big impact on young children, parents need to take some time to get to know the disease.
One: understanding early symptoms
In the early stage of the disease, there is generally no specific clinical symptoms. The children mainly present with mental symptoms such as irritability, irritability, restless sleep, night sweats and so on. Due to the stimulation of sweat, the head is often shaken, causing baldness in the back of the head. If the child has the above symptoms, parents should closely observe, if necessary, need to determine the serum calcium, phosphorus and phosphatase content for early diagnosis and early treatment.
Two: to understand the difference between hand and foot convulsions and hypoglycemia
Vitamin D deficiency can lead to signs of hand and foot twitching, similar to the symptoms of convulsions and coma that occur during hypoglycemia. However, when the baby has hypoglycemia, most of them occur in the morning on an empty stomach, and there is a history of insufficient eating or diarrhea on the first night. At this time, feeding the child’s syrup can be improved immediately, so it is different from the baby’s hand and foot convulsion.
Three: to understand the difference between caries and cartilage dystrophy, staying ill
When a child develops cartilage dystrophy, it often shows a large head, a forehead, a chest, a bead, and a rib valgus. These performances are similar to rickets. However, the limbs and fingers of the disease are short and thick, each finger is long, the nasal roots are low, the long bones are short and thick and curved on the X-ray, and the serum biochemical examination shows that the blood calcium and phosphorus are normal. These symptoms and rickets caused by vitamin D deficiency are still There are differences.
A small illness usually manifests as slow growth, late teething, large anterior palpebral, late closure, and obvious short stature. These symptoms are similar to snoring. However, the difference is that children with small illnesses have significantly lower intelligence, and they have special appearances and sluggish expressions.
What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency? Are you shooting?
Before starting to talk about the physiological functions of vitamin D:
- Promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine;
- Mobilization of bone calcium;
- Promote kidney reabsorption of calcium and phosphorus;
Therefore, when vitamin D is deficient, it means the lack of calcium. Let’s talk about the common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in all ages. See if you have a shot nearby? Remember to remind them in time.
Infants under 6 months lack common symptoms:
Hand, foot, and ankle
Due to low blood calcium, infants under 6 months often have symptoms such as muscle cramps or hand, foot, and ankle. Skeletal changes are related to factors such as age, growth rate and vitamin D deficiency.
3-9 months of babies lack common symptoms:
Skull softening occurs mostly in infants between 3 and 9 months. The sick children have slow teeth and the arrangement and development of teeth are often poor.
Lack of common symptoms when starting to walk independently for more than 9 months:
“O” or “X” leg
When standing and walking, the lower limbs are bent to form an “O” or “X” leg.
Children over 2 years old lack common symptoms:
Chest deformities such as chicken breast and rib beading can be seen in children over 2 years old.
Rickets in young children
Rickets is caused by vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents. Neuropsychiatric symptoms can occur in the early and acute stages. Children are inactive, loss of appetite, irritability, restlessness, and sweating (more obvious head). Children with severe rickets are prone to fractures.
Osteomalacia in adults
Osteomalacia: occurs in adults! More common in pregnant women with more prosperous and frail elderly.
The most common symptoms are bone pain, muscle weakness, and tenderness of the bone, which are usually exacerbated during activity.
Severe cases include compression of the spine, short stature, and deformation of the pelvis.
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