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7 Amazing Tips to Building an Earthquake-Resistant Structure



7 Amazing Tips to Building an Earthquake-Resistant Structure

Natural calamities are the sudden wave of catastrophe that strikes in various forms. Whether it hits from above in the form of a thunderstorm or with the face of a ferocious hurricane, the devastation a natural calamity leaves behind itself is unimaginable. Although the unending researches have led us to foresee a few of these natural disasters, some of them still strike unknowingly. Earthquakes are one such destructive occurrence that takes place without a hint and leaves a trail of absolute destruction behind itself. 

The inevitable earthquakes have always been a recurring curse for humanity as not only it destructs the serenity of nature, but also captures innumerable human lives and their hard-earned assets. The higher the magnitude of an earthquake on the Richter scale is, the larger its devastating conclusions are. Whether your house is small or large, history claims that it always is at the risk of experiencing tremors. You don’t have to necessarily live in an earthquake-prone area to experience such a phenomenon as an earthquake can take place anywhere. This very fact should be enough for us to focus on building ourselves a home that is fit to resist fatal tremors or vibrations.

A mighty shelter that offers protection from wicked calamities is all that one can ask for, and solid earthquake-resistant house structure does exactly that. Here are seven amazing tips that you can use to build an earthquake-resistant structure for the safety and well-being of its future residents. 


1. A mighty foundation

Foundation is a significant part of a structure that maintains its stability and uniformity throughout the years. An earthquake severely attacks the foundation of a building foremost, which later leads to its wreckage and complete destruction at the end. Working on creating a stable foundation can help in revoking or even reducing the damage that a building is prone to suffer under massive tremors. A mighty foundation also requires you to inspect the type of land before. The soil quality and land type have a lot of say in the strength of a foundation, so consultation from a soil engineer is highly recommendable. 


2. Fair distribution of mass

We all know how increasing the area of a particular object leads to an increase in its stability as well. This very rule is persistent in large scale buildings and small houses too. The creation of a structure should have a stable division of mass in all areas of the building. In simple terms, it means that no area should possess an uneven distribution of mass as it will apply too much force on one side of the structure. This variation might aggravate the destruction during the time of the earthquake with its inability to stabilize. 


3. The regularity of structure

Construction in the seismic zones should not play with the structural configuration more and rely on creating an even framework that offers equal support to every aspect of the building. A chaotic assembling can challenge gravity during the time of tremors and are prone to fall miserably in ruins. Choose a regular structure for your building where the construction follows regularity from top to bottom and carries the regularity through all the levels. The regularity will bear positive results within the time of a catastrophe.


4. The quality of materials

A sturdy structure requires equally sturdy components for its creation, and considering an earthquake-resistant house makes it twice more essential to choose the elements wisely. Prioritize high-quality material with no compromise. Several materials preferably offer higher stability than commonly used elements, those might include structural steel, reinforced concrete, bamboo, and wood. The material used for an earthquake-proof structure must offer the ability to absorb tremors. High-quality elements can help to withstand an earthquake by moving with the vibrations of the ground and not letting the structure fall easily. 


5. Seismic bracing

A house can experience massive tremors due to the impact of an earthquake, which often leads to the shifting, swinging, or even sliding off the pieces of equipment present inside a house. The chance of harm due to these uncontrollable movements of equipment is higher than the harm of the vibrations. This is when an earthquake bracing offers help. A seismic or earthquake bracing is a system that secures the non-structural parts of the house such as fans, line pumps, or unit heaters, which are at the risk of harming people under tremors. Installing seismic bracing offers comprehensive protection, hence making the building completely earthquake-resistant. 


6. Uniform geometry of the structure

The uniform geometry of a building ensures uniform division and stability of mass around the structure of the building. The asymmetrical house can be the best option for people living in seismic zones as it reduces the risk of destruction far less than the non-uniform structures. It certainly does not snatches the creativity out of your hands. Consultation from an expert architect can ensure you of an equally creative household as its safety from natural catastrophes.  


7. Additional safety strategies

Other than following the fundamental structural building regulations, there are multiple safety strategies that you can include in your building to secure it from earthquakes. Cross bracing is one such method that offers additional support to the structure. 


These are some of the ways that you can include in the construction of an earthquake-resistant building. While the methods will ensure safety from the various intensity of tremors, a consultation from professionals is always welcome, so do not forget to reach out to a specialist as well.