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What is Gas Leaks and How to Prevent it?



Gas Leaks

When natural gas or any other gaseous product leaks from the pipeline or from a container into an environment it is known as gas leaks. It is harmful because a small gas leak can cause a massive explosion and can be hazardous for all the living beings living there or nearby. These leaks are very dangerous for the environment. Lastly, it also releases toxic greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. We use LPG for cooking purposes daily. These are present in all houses and so everyone should be aware of the situation when gas leaks occur. You should know how you have to know how to detect a leak as well as how to act up in such situation.

Signs and Symptoms of Gas Leaks

The increase in gas leaks causes the risk of fire and explosion. If we ever find the signs of a leak it is advisable to evacuate the area immediately and call for the fire department so that they can take action as soon as possible.

When there is a gas leak, one will notice:

  • The strong smell of sulfur.
  • A continuous hissing or whistling sound near a pipeline.
  • Accumulating of white cloud near the pipeline.
  • Bubbles in water from where gas emerges.
  • Dead plants nearby due to the toxic environment.
  • A damaged gas pipe at the sight of the mishap.

The physical symptoms during a leak of harmful gaseous product

  • Reduction of oxygen in the blood.
  • Breathing difficulties and shortness of breath.
  • Fatigue or drowsiness.
  • Dizziness.
  • Headaches.
  • Flu-like symptoms.
  • Irritation to the eyes and throat.
  • Severe depression.
  • Nausea.
  • Nose bleeding can also occur.

What to do during a major Gas leak in your house? 

  1. Firstly, make sure that everyone and all the pets are evacuated from the house.
  2. Doors must be kept open and the fire department must be informed about the leak.
  3. Try to make the call from outside the house so that it does not ignite the gas and cause an accident.
  4. Make sure of the above symptoms before leaving or after entering the house.
  5. If you smell a pungent odor, try to switch off the gas pilot light immediately.

gas leaks

Harm to Vegetation

Due to the leak of harmful gases, it destroys vegetation and plants. At times methane and other harmful gases seep into the field from landfill or garbage dumps which causes necrosis and chlorosis to the grass and nearby plants. At times the leak can travel up to a hundred feet and affect the area.

Harm to Animals

Animals and birds get more affected due to such gaseous leaks since carbon monoxide and methane which are present in the natural gas.

Gas Leaks Grade

Gas piping and technological committee (GPTC) standardizes and grades the natural leaking of gases.

Grade 1 leak are as follows:

  • An immediate hazard, in the judgment of operating personnel at the affected scene.
  • Once ignited and is an escaping gas now.
  • When there is an indication of any gas which has migrated in a building or inside a tunnel.
  • When a gas migrates at an outside wall of a building.
  • In a confined space any gas leak reading 80% LEL.
  • Leaks can be seen heard or felt at a nearby location which might be hazardous for the public living in there.

Grade 2 leak are as follows:

  • Leak which requires actions for a period of six months.
  • Those which has occurred in any freezing ground or on any adverse soil conditions.
  • Any leak reading above 40% LEL.
  • Leaks which has a reading of 100% LEL.

LEL is the flammability limits or explosive limits. It is a mixture of dispersed combustible materials.

My name is Zoe Sewell. I am a professional writer to share my blogs and ideas about Home Improvement, Business, Lifestyle, Health, Finance and Automotive that will be informative for readers who loves to gain knowledge.