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The app development process explained via key simple steps



The app development process is an endeavor that requires a lot of effort. Depending on the kind of app made or demanded development, the process is tedious and can go on for years. Once an app is made, it is launched, maintained, and tested again and new features are added.

Explaining the app development process in key simple steps

In this post, the mobile app development process will be categorized into key simple steps. It starts with meticulous project planning. Once the scope and other variables are defined, then the process movies on to developing wireframes and click-through prototypes.

Then the developers start working on the app’s coding and design. It is tested thoroughly through each stage. After final testing and debugging, it is hence released on app stores, to select customers/clientele, or as an internal organizational app.

Let us now read about each step of the mobile app development process as explained by experienced professionals from a well-known mobile app development company based in Jumeirah, Dubai.

Planning for the project

The app development process begins with numerous teams analyzing the project requirements. A project manager comes in quite handy at this stage. They conduct a detailed study of the project and submit its overview document for approval.

Once that document is verified, the time and expense estimate can hence be determined easily. The associated project plans are based on estimates which are approved. Any typical project plan will lay out all the tasks to create the app in various steps, durations, and milestones as well as identify starting and ending dates of the tasks involved. 

At the same time, business analysts will carry out a detailed review and determine the assets needed in the User Requirements Document (URD) and the initial screen designs. Final approval from architects, leads, and managers moves the project to the design stage.

The app design phase

Before the project’s design is started, meetings are conducted for discussing the User Requirements Document (URD) along with any other documents, notes, or files provided. Such meetings help the team obtain a clear idea of client expectations. Then the project design phase is conducted in two phases namely:

  • User Interface (UI)/User Experience (UX) design.
  • Architecture design.

UI/UX design can determine how the app looks and how users will interact with it. A UI design document can show developers how users can progress between different screens and what each function does. This can include the colors used, button placement, the way users navigate between different screens, and the like.

The app’s architecture design helps developers determine the needed architecture for the entire system. For instance, the way data flows from the app to servers, and the app updates are pushed will be designed, coded, tested, and put into use. The high-level architecture, detailed data flow, and overall system design.

The development phase – this is where the development work begins

In this phase, the project’s plans come into action. Developers take the requirements and write the code for the features and requirements. All of the app’s screens will be prepared at this stage along with all the functionalities it will be integrated into.

Leading app development companies follow and utilize agile development methods, and the associated technologies. This involves developing functionalities via iterative and bi-weekly releases. This will help gather the necessary feedback. 

Moreover, an efficient project workflow helps companies achieve a much more refined and sophisticated product through division and proper allocation of resources to meet all project deadlines on time.

Product testing, code reviews, and app quality assurance are part of the app development process. This helps catch errors and bugs quite early and gets them corrected at each milestone. 

Client suggestions and feedback should be welcomed, clarified, and integrated into the app at each phase. Such a continual process should continue until the app has been released.

All developers and engineers on app development projects must create unit test cases. They are needed for the app’s main features. This way, a dedicated developer can conduct regression testing after changes in the code, by running the respective unit tests.

The app testing phase – this is where the bugs are removed

 Engineers ready the test plans and test cases in the early stages of the process, especially during the project design phase. Each company uses a robust testing structure. This tests the app’s usability factors, interface, operating system compatibility, performance, and security. 

Also, the functionalities, features, and user experience flow of the app are tested in each phase. This helps maintain the app’s standards.

Bugs are logged by means of an issue-tracking database. Testing is done again to ensure issues are addressed before are resolved. Developer testing is also carried out based on test cases. Any and all issues coming from testing in different phases of reviews are solved via debugging. 

The advantage of such a process is that it helps avert imperfections in the app and makes sure app performance is top-notch under all conditions. Once app testing is complete, it is hence reviewed to ensure it complies with client expectations and requirements.

App testing and review help avoid imperfections in the app and makes sure it performs under all conditions quite well. Once tested, the app is reviewed to ensure it complies with all needed standards, client expectations, and requirements too.

The app’s final launch

Apps are uploaded to either Apple’s App Store or Google’s Play Store once it is tested and approved. Pre-release checklists are conducted before the app is launched to make sure each quality assurance procedure is properly followed. The Quality Assurance process consists of the following:

  • Source code reviews.
  • Memory leak testing.
  • Security trials.
  • App performance analysis.

Test engineers help prepare release notes through the inclusion of the following information:

  • Core features.
  • Instructions for installation.
  • Capabilities for reporting bugs.
  • Any and all required credentials.

Such a process helps inform clients about the app’s finalized features upon its release. In terms of launching the app online, teams will receive an app submission document (pre-formatted). The engineer responsible for uploading will provide the necessary information to the app store’s listing Web-based Applications page. Afterward, they will submit it for further review.

Lastly, the app will be released to the public once final approval has been received from the administrators of the respective app stores of Apple and Google.


Apart from app development, companies may also need to think about maintaining and marketing it. Marketing an app includes a website, running advertisements on Google, Facebook, and social media platforms, as well as having a social media presence. 

App maintenance includes things like app updates whenever new updates or patches of operating systems are released, along with fixing bugs.

Regardless of the kind of developers companies work with, a key aspect is their having a firm understanding of the project at hand. Once proper planning and details are set, the company will hence create the best app as per the desires of its target audience.