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Epilepsy Signs To Watch Out And Its Treatment 

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Epilepsy is a neurological illness in which brain function becomes aberrant, resulting in seizures or episodes of odd behavior, feelings, and even loss of awareness. Epilepsy affects around 3.4 million people in the United States.

Among these, 3 million are adults, and 470,000 are children. Around 65 million individuals worldwide have epilepsy. Each year, the United States gets 150,000 new instances of epilepsy. Everyone is at risk for epilepsy. It affects men and women of all racial, ethnic, and age backgrounds. 

Seizures are characterized by varying symptoms. During an epileptic seizure, some people merely gaze blankly for a few seconds, while others move their limbs and legs frequently. A single attack may not necessarily indicate epilepsy. 

 

Types of Epilepsies and Their Symptoms  

Epilepsies are classified by the sort of seizures they cause. Seizures are classified according to where they begin in the brain, your level of consciousness during the episode, and whether or not muscle movements are present. 
 

There are two types of seizures: 

Focal Onset Seizures  

Focal seizures begin in a single region, or circuit of cells, on one side of the brain. Focal seizures are divided into two categories: 

Focal Onset Aware Seizure  

During this form of seizure, you remain awake and conscious throughout. Among the symptoms are:  

  • Changes in your perceptions of taste, smell, and hearing. 
  • Emotional fluctuations 
  • Uncontrollable muscle jerking generally in the arms or legs. 
  • Seeing flashing lights, dizziness, and tingling sensations 

Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure 

This form is characterized by confusion or loss of consciousness during the seizure. Among the symptoms present are:  

  • Staring blankly into space. 
  • The blinking of the eyes, lip-smacking, chewing and rubbing motions of the hands. 

 

Generalized Onset Seizures  

Generalized seizures involve many cells on both sides of your brain. There are six different types of generalized seizures. 

Atonic Seizures  

The word atonic means “without tone.” An atonic seizure occurs when you lose muscle coordination, or your muscles become weak. During this brief seizure, your eyes or head may droop or sag, and you may even tumble to the ground—usually less than 15 seconds. 

Tonic Seizures

The word tonic means “with tone.” An increase in muscle tone characterizes the tonic seizure. You may also fall because your arms, legs, back, or entire body are tight or stiff. During this brief seizure, you could be conscious or have a slight change in perception. 

Clonic Seizures  

“Clonus” refers to a muscle that stiffens and relaxes rapidly and repeatedly. A clonic seizure occurs when muscles constantly jerk or tighten before shaking for seconds to two minutes. 

Tonic-Clonic Seizures 

This seizure is characterized by muscular tightness (tonic) and rhythmic muscle jerks (clonic). This seizure may be referred to as a convulsion by physicians. Your muscles tense and twitch for one to five minutes as you lose consciousness and collapse.  

You might bite your tongue, drool, and lose bowel or bladder muscle control. Most folks think of tonic-clonic seizures when they hear the term “seizure.” 

Myoclonic Seizures  

This type of seizure is characterized by short, shock-like muscular jerks or twitches. Myoclonic episodes are generally brief. 

Treatment of Epilepsy Treatments to control epilepsy include anti-seizure medications, special diets, and surgery. 

Anti-seizure Medications 

In roughly 60% to 70% of persons with epilepsy, anti-seizure drugs can manage seizures. Anti-seizure medicine is prescribed individually. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat epilepsy.   

There’s also a CBD-based treatment, Epidolex, that has been approved, but if you don’t have access to it, you can check out more cannabis-like products like Treetop hemp company products that may be helpful. 

To identify what’s best suited to treat your seizures, your healthcare practitioner may try one or more medicines, different dosages of medications, or a cocktail of medicines. Anti-seizure medicine selection is based on:  

  • Type of seizure 
  •  Previous anti-seizure drug reaction 
  • Existing health issues 
  • Drug interactions with other medication 
  • Anti-seizure medication side effects  
  • Age 
  • Price 
  •  

Tell your healthcare practitioner if you’re pregnant or intending to get pregnant. Some anti-seizure drugs have been related to birth abnormalities. Additionally, your healthcare practitioner will explore different treatment choices if anti-seizure medications don’t manage your seizures. 

Diet Therapy 

A ketogenic diet and the modified Atkins diet are two of the most commonly recommended diets for epileptic patients. Diets are often prescribed for children who have failed to respond to medication and are not surgical candidates. Some patients with epilepsy may benefit from low glycemic index diets. 

Surgery 

If anti-seizure drugs don’t work or your seizures are severe and disabling, your healthcare professional may recommend surgery. If more than two anti-seizure drug treatments fail to manage your epileptic seizures, surgery can be an effective and safe therapy option. 
 

You can undergo surgery to remove abnormal tissues, cut the fibers connecting different parts of your brain, destroy the abnormal tissue, or implant neuromodulators. These devices reduce seizures over time by sending electrical impulses to your brain. 

Bottom Line 
 

Epilepsy is a pretty prevalent disorder that affects 1 out of every 26 persons in the United States at some point in their lives. But the good news is that it’s a pretty manageable disease. Anti-seizure drugs, specific diets, epilepsy procedures, and seizure-controlling gadgets are among the therapy possibilities. Either of these will effectively help lower your seizures and even get rid of them permanently. 

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